DDoS attack – Distributed Denial of Service

DDoS attack – Distributed Denial of Service

DDOS, short for Distributed Denial oService, is a type of DOS attack where multiple compromised systems — which are usually infected with a Trojan — are used to target a single system causing a Denial of Service (DoS) attack. Victims of a DDoS attack consist of both the end targeted system and all systems maliciously used and controlled by the hacker in the distributed attack.

According to this report on eSecurityPlanet, in a DDoS attack, the incoming traffic flooding the victim originates from many different sources – potentially hundreds of thousands or more. This effectively makes it impossible to stop the attack simply by blocking a single IP address; plus, it is very difficult to distinguish legitimate user traffic from attack traffic when spread across so many points of origin.

Article source…..www.webopedia.com

5 Notorious DDoS Attacks in 2013 :

Early Sunday morning, part of the Chinese Internet went down in what the government is calling the largest denial-of-service attack it has ever faced. According to the China Internet Network Information Center, the attack began at 2 a.m. Sunday morning and was followed by an even more intense attack at 4 a.m. The attack was aimed at the registry that allows users to access sites with the extension “.cn,”. As originally reported by the Wall Street Journal, the attack is perhaps more an indicator of just how susceptible the global Internet infrastructure is to these types of attacks.

China has one of the most sophisticated filtering systems in the world, period. Furthermore, China’s government is rated by analysts as having one of the highest abilities to carry out cyber attacks. Despite both of these points, China is not capable of defending itself from an attack.

DOS (Denial of Service) or DDoS (Distributed Denial of Service) attacks are the single largest threat to our Internet and the Internet of Things.

Read more…..siliconangle.com

“Note from Awesome admin.”  These idiots should go and get themselves a life. Our service provider has been hit twice in the last week causing inaccessibility to our Awesome Blog. I guess they are a bunch of extremely ugly, socially inept people that only get their jollies from trying to destroy other peoples work. Get a human implant and use your talent for something good. Shame on you “IDIOTS”!!!

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The Treaty of Waitangi

The Treaty of Waitangi

The Treaty of Waitangi
Ihaia Kaikoura’s original signature on the Treaty of Waitangi.

Rangitane have resided in the northern South Island since the migration from the Wairarapa in the sixteenth century under the Chiefs Te Huataki, Te Whakamana and Tukanae. The Iwi gradually occupied a territory stretching from the Waiau-toa (Clarence) River in the south to the Wairau (Marlborough), including the Nelson Lakes, and north to Kaituna and the Marlborough Sounds and west into the Whakatu (Nelson) area. Rangitane customary rights often overlapped and intersected with other Iwi, especially in the Waiau-toa, Nelson Lakes, Marlborough Sounds and Whakatu districts. Non-exclusive and shared occupation and use rights in these areas were governed by whakapapa connections and customary protocols between the Iwi. Between 1827 and the mid-1830’s an alliance of musket-armed North Island Iwi invaded the northern South Island. Rangitane (and the other northern South Island Iwi) were defeated in a series of battles. However Rangitane continued to live on the land, and maintained ancestral connections with the whenua.

The Treaty of Waitangi
The Rangatira Ihaia Kaikoura signed the Treaty of Waitangi on Horahora-Kakahu Island (Port Underwood), on June 17, 1840. He is frequently referred to as the leader of the Wairau community and he was invariably consulted by Crown officials on land and other important matters. In 1856 the Crown Purchase agent Donald McLean concluded two deeds or sales with Rangitane, one at the Wairau Bar and the other at Havelock. Rangitane were to have received an extensive reserve on the northern side of the Wairau River, but this was never delivered.

The Rangitane Claim (WAI 44)
Rangitane filed a claim with the Waitangi Tribunal in 1987 alleging that the Crown committed a number of breaches of the Treaty of Waitangi. That claim was finally heard in 2003, and the Tribunal Report was released in 2008. The recommendations of the report can be found on the Waitangi Tribunal website www.waitangitribunal.govt.nz

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Chrissie Hynde Biography

Chrissie Hynde Biography

Chrissie Hynde Biography

The Pretender’s fearsome frontwoman made rock history, but behind the scenes drugs and drama took their toll.

A disillusioned teenage Chrissie Hynde left the United States on a one-way ticket to England where she landed a job as music critic for the NME. She also worked in McLaren’s ‘Sex’ boutique before forming The Pretenders.

The original Pretenders line-up featured Hynde on vocals/guitar, Pete Farndon on bass, James Honeyman-Scott on guitar and Martin Chambers on drums.

Their albums ‘Pretenders I & II’ were huge successes, with hits like ‘Stop Your Sobbing’, ‘Kid’ and ‘Brass in Pocket’.

During an American tour in 1980, Hynde met Ray Davies and the pair began a relationship which led to the birth of a baby daughter. However, in 1981 tragedy struck for the band when James Honeyman-Scott died from a drugs overdose and a year later, Pete Farndon suffered the same fate.

Hynde and the Pretenders regrouped in 1983, with Robbie McIntosh and Malcolm Foster, releasing ‘Learning to Crawl’ in 1984.

By the middle of that year, things were beginning to look up for Hynde and she married Simple Mind singer Jim Kerr. The couple had a daughter, but would later divorce in 1990.

Hynde’s duet with UB40’s on ‘I Got You Babe’ did well in the charts and she continued to make music under the guise of The Pretenders, despite the odd change of line-up. ‘Don’t Get Me Wrong’ and ‘Breakfast in Bed’ marked the end of the bands 80s output.

The 1990s proved less of a success after ‘Packed!’ failed to set the charts alight. In 1994, the album ‘Last of the Independents’, was quite rightly hailed as an impressive comeback and included the hit ‘I’ll Stand by You’.

In 1995, the Pretenders released a live album, ‘Isle of View’, and in 1999 ‘Viva el Amor’ came along. Four years later, the reggae tinged ‘Loose Screw’ (2003) was released and the band set off on a world tour.

Besides making a number of appearances at charity events, Chrissie Hynde is passionate about Animal Rights and is a vocal supporter of People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA).

Bio source…..thebiographychannel.co.uk

Picture source…..biography.com

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Rangitane – Te Runanga a Rangitane O Wairau

Rangitane – Te Runanga a Rangitane O Wairau

Rangitane - Te Runanga a Rangitane O Wairau

Te Runanga a Rangitane O Wairau was first established in 1861 by leading Rangitane of the time as a forum for representing the land issues arising from landlessness amongst the Maori of Marlborough. Since then Te Runanga a Rangitane O Wairau (referred to as The Runanga) has continued to provide representation for Rangitane Iwi members and advocate on a range of social and political issues affecting Maori – particularly Rangitane.

The main administrative base for the Runanga is located in the CBD of Blenheim on the fourth floor of what was formally the Blenheim Post Office. The Runanga is the mandated Iwi authority for the South Island section of Rangitane Iwi under an array of statutes and regulations, providing management services for the small parcel of commercial and customary fisheries and some lesser services under minor enactments, claims settlements and discrete social services .

Rangitane’s vision for the future is to be a dynamic, effective, successful and profitable organisation working proactively and collegially with Government, community agencies and other Iwi across the region and Te Waipounamu. Rangitane will be committed to the development and promotion of honesty, integrity, and within a Maori context aspire to be the Iwi of the first choice within Marlborough for those individuals and agencies seeking to engage with creditable and competent Maori cultural perspective.

Our ability to endure all manner of deprivation over the last century has been due to a strong belief in our identity as Rangitane. There are approximately 1400 members currently registered as members of Te Runanga a Rangitane O Wairau, and it is expected that this will increase by 45% over the next three years.

As a consequence of this the most precious asset that will require nurturing and development in the future is that of our membership.

Article source…..www.rangitane.org.nz

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Seddon Earthquake 16 August 2013

Seddon Earthquake 16 August 2013

Seddon Earthquake 16 August 2013
Picture source…..l3.yimg.com

The force of the Seddon quake was “comparable” to those felt in central Christchurch on February 22, 2011.

Almost every home in Seddon was damaged by the earthquake swarm, which began with a magnitude 6.6 quake at 2.31pm on Friday and continued through to last night with a 5.5 jolt about 9pm – the second biggest of the swarm.

About 50 aftershocks of magnitude four and above rocked the region in the 30 hours after the jolt.

Five people were treated at Blenheim’s Wairau Hospital – four with minor injuries and one with a serious medical condition.

GNS scientist Martin Reyners said that for parts of Marlborough, the peak horizontal acceleration of Friday’s earthquake was estimated at 0.75G near Seddon – comparable to the forces felt in central Christchurch on February 22, 2011.

“So it was a pretty decent shake.”

railway lines at Hauwai

Badly damaged railway lines at Hauwai. Picture source…..www.stuff.co.nz

In Wellington, the peak force of 0.20G was felt in Karori.

A person taking off in a Boeing 747 aircraft feels a force of about 0.16. A University of California Berkeley report has said that “between 0.1G and 0.2G, most people will have difficulty keeping their footing and sickness symptoms may be induced”.

Most of the damage in Seddon was confined to roofs, brickwork, chimneys and windows, Civil Defence officials said. Preliminary building inspection reports indicated that most houses were structurally sound.

Mayor Alistair Sowman praised the calm response of Seddon residents.

“It has been a ghastly experience for many people and the continuing aftershocks and today’s heavy rain are not making it any easier.

“However Seddon people are typical tough rural New Zealanders and they are getting stuck in and helping each other,” he said.

“It has been a very, very frightening experience for this part of the country sitting right on the epicentre. Fortunately most people have family and friends who have rallied around them but it’s going to take some time for Seddon to recover, not just in terms of repairs and rebuilding, but also for peace of mind to be restored.”

Earthquake Minister Gerry Brownlee and Civil Defence Minister Nikki Kaye visited Seddon yesterday to reassure people who had fled quake-damaged homes.

Brownlee said they wanted to hear from residents about anything they could do to help them through this time. “I have a fair idea what you are going through, and how you are feeling,” he said.

State Highway 1 reopened just after midday yesterday, after the 6.6 quake opened up large cracks in the ground and caused big landslips between Seddon and Ward.

Seddon Earthquake 16 August 2013 road

Picture source…..3g.modasys.net

NZTA highways manager Frank Porter said contractors put in an “heroic” effort.

An EQC spokesman said it was too early to assess the impact.

“We’ll have a better idea on Monday when we get an idea of the claims that have come in and assessments begin.”

Shake felt ‘More Intense’ than February 22

A day after the big shake, locals in the small Marlborough town closest to the epicentre returned to Ward’s East Coast Inn for a quiet, calming beer.

It’s a stark contrast to the moment the magnitude 6.6 earthquake shook them and much of the country on Friday afternoon.

As Zac Walls recalls: “There were bottles flying everywhere and alcohol being spilt. I never saw so many people run out of a bar at once.”

Stu Orr, who was alongside Walls, said: “About four of us ran out of the bar with pints in our hands.”

The patrons waited until the shaking stopped before heading back inside to clean up.

Walls is in a rare position to give a verdict on the shake. He was in Christchurch for the February 22, 2011, earthquake. Marlborough’s was “more intense [and] the aftershocks have been more frequent”, he said.

Kerry Snell was among the hardy locals back at the East Coast Inn last night to talk over events as aftershocks rolled through. He was working on a fence near the Lake Grassmere Saltworks. “It literally dropped us to the ground. We tried standing, but there wasn’t a shit show in hell.”

He saw parts of the cliff-face collapse into the sea. “It wasn’t like anything I’ve ever seen or felt.”

Snell rushed home to find his chimney “ready to go”, the broken hot water cylinder flooding the house, along with a “fair few cracks”.

About 900 people live in the town, located about 20km from Seddon and 12km from the epicentre of Friday’s biggest quake. “Everyone sort of pulled together and went around and helped each other out. It’s pretty good here.” he said.

“This last year has probably been the worst I’ve ever seen as far as nature goes; it’s sort of thrown everything at us at once and hopefully that’s going to be it,” he said.

Ten-year-old Hunter Orne was waiting in line at Ward School to tell his teacher “something about writing” when he felt the earth begin to move.

“I yelled out ‘earthquake’. My teacher was bawling her eyes out,” he said, before quickly adding: “Well, just about crying. She was panicking . . . she wanted to make sure we didn’t get hurt.”

Sitting with a raspberry and coke at the inn last night, the year 6 pupil said he was “not really” scared.

“There is the concern that a bigger one might happen, but they still won’t harm us because you can’t do anything about them,” Hunter said.

Roof tiles fell and a chimney cracked at Hayden Shadbolt’s home. He rushed to pull tarpaulins over the damage before heavy rain began to fall and was on the roof when a magnitude 6.3 aftershock hit. “That was fun,” he joked.

The 37-year-old has lived in Ward his whole life, but Friday’s shake was the biggest he had ever felt.

“It was pretty fierce, you could say. It was a big sudden jar . . . getting stronger and stronger. I don’t want to feel another one.”

Wellington awaits Christchurch crane

In Wellington yesterday, shops, libraries and pubs were open, a day after a post-quake exodus from the city that left roads clogged and nerves frayed.

All power and water throughout the region was restored, with road, rail, ferry and bus services operating normally.

Lukes Lane was cordoned off pending the demolition of a teetering lift shaft.

Wellington Mayor Celia Wade-Brown said the structure had been declared a dangerous building.

Some lift machinery was removed yesterday, but most of the work would have to wait until a big crane arrived from Christchurch today or Monday, she said.

“We need something that is capable of lifting a 30-tonne slab of concrete.”

Council engineers had checked civic buildings and bridges, while some private building inspections were ongoing. There were some reports of water damage, but no further structural damage had yet been found.

Westpac Stadium chief executive Shane Harmon said its car park had been inspected and was structurally sound.

While there were no obvious signs of damage, the stadium would be checked by engineers tomorrow.

It should be fine for next week’s All Black test, he said.

“It’s purely a precautionary thing. We’re not anticipating any problems but public safety is our number one priority.”

News source…..www.stuff.co.nz

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Reggae stars UB40 declared bankrupt

Reggae stars UB40 declared bankrupt

Reggae stars UB40 declared bankrupt

Former chart toppers UB40, who notched up more than 50 chart hits in Britain, have been declared bankrupt.

Despite their glittering 33-year career, four leading members of the reggae band have been declared penniless.

Saxophone player Brian Travers, drummer Jimmy Brown, trumpeter Terence Oswald (known to fans as Astro), and percussionist Norman Hassan were all declared insolvent.

Tax officers can now seize property belonging to the band to pay off their outstanding debts.

There was a bitter bust-up over band finances which split the group following the collapse of their management company DEP International.

A judge sitting at Birmingham County Court ruled that they are bankrupt.

District Judge Richard Musgrave gave liquidators the green light to chase debts and royalty payments on UB40’s hits including chart topping Red Red Wine at a previous hearing in July.

He warned the reggae outfit they would have to pay costs in the case, believed to be in the region of £57,000.

In the week that they were declared bankrupt, they played a gig to fans at the pub where they first performed together in 1978 – the Hare and Hounds in Kings Heath, Birmingham.

The band – whose name comes from the Unemployment Benefit form 40 from the then Department of Health and Social Security – were honoured with a Performing Rights Society plaque at the event.

Former frontman Ali Campbell, a founding member of UB40, acrimoniously split from the group in 2008 following ongoing wrangles over finances.

Last night, his spokesman said the bankruptcy court case showed Ali was right to quit the band.

‘It is ironic that the very week they celebrate their first gig they have been declared bankrupt, after administration began in 2006, vindicating both Ali and Mickey Virtue’s decision to leave UB40,’ she said.

‘Ali did not personally receive an invitation to the Hare show and, as such, did not turn it down.

‘He most definitely would have liked to have been invited as it is where the journey began and Ali is proud of the fact that UB40’s music has been honoured.’

Despite being declared bankrupt, the remaining band members are understood to be recording a new album at a studio in Redditch, Worcestershire.

A fifth original member of UB40, Robin Campbell, Ali Campbell’s brother, was also involved in the Birmingham County Court case although is not listed as bankrupt.

News and picture source…..www.dailymail.co.uk

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Bite the Bullet – Common Phrases

Bite the Bullet – Common Phrases

Bite the Bullet - Common Phrases

Accepting something difficult or unpleasant.

Most say it came from …
When engaged in war there are times when emergency surgery is needed: Legs have to come off or deeply-buried bullets need to come out. And sometimes, there’s no time for anesthesia when the Nazis are bearing down.

So, rather then stabbing a patient in the arm to distract him from the saw going through his foot, the surgeon would supposedly shove a bullet in his mouth and ask him to bite down. Of course, you could use a belt or shirt but even in the throes of death it’s important for a man to look like a badass. Thus, “Bite the bullet.”

So is that true?
All signs point to yes. And thank God for that, as we would hate to think that a soldier being operated on with no medication in the middle of a battle is some kind of cloth biter.

But, notice how we said “All signs point to yes” and not a definitive “yes.” Nailing down the origins of these sayings is an inexact science. The only other popular theory has to do with the preparation of bullet before firing (in old carbine rifles, you had to bite a paper cap off the cartridge so the spark could reach the gun powder).

That one would of course make no sense, since no one would equate that task with resolutely doing something unpleasant. You might as well say it’s about that dude who claimed to catch bullets out of the air in his teeth. In fact, let’s just go with that one.

Info source…..www.cracked.com

Picture source…..24.media.tumblr.com

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Basket Case – Common Sayings

Basket Case – Common Sayings

Basket Case - Common Sayings

One that is in a completely hopeless or useless condition.

Most say it came from ...

The supposed origin came about during World War I and was used to describe servicemen that had all of their limbs either surgically or explodingly removed–leaving them as nothing more then torsos that would have to be carried in a basket.

So is that true? 
Again, it’s a yes and no answer. Yes, there were servicemen that went home sans all limbs during the World Wars, but only two documented cases and there were no reports of either of them being carried off in baskets of any kind.

Confusingly, the earliest recorded uses of the phrase were from US military statements claiming no such limbless soldiers existed. One way or another, it doesn’t seem like there were enough cases to create a whole phrase to describe them. Why have a term for something that doesn’t exist? Then again we have a word for “leprechaun” so, why not.

A lot of the English language seems to have been developed as some kind of elaborate practical joke. It’s full of little sayings and idioms that on their face make no sense at all, and if traced back to their origins are downright horrifying.

Picture source…..www2.hiren.info

Article source…..www.cracked.com

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Raining Cats and Dogs – Common Sayings

Raining Cats and Dogs – Common Sayings

Raining Cats and Dogs - Common Sayings

A torrential rain. As in, “It’s raining cats and dogs.”

Most say it came from …

In the 1500s human beings had the pleasure of living in homes with thatched roofs. In these strange times, humans for some reason didn’t want their pets shitting in their homes and so they were always kept outside. The animals would keep themselves warm in the little nooks in the thatching on the roofs and store their food and porno up there for a rainy day.

When an especially rainy day did come along, the animals would either get washed off of the roof or would come leaping down looking for better cover. The story goes that the townsfolk would look out their window, see pets falling from the sky, and proclaim it to be “raining cats and dogs.” Then they would probably burn a witch or something.

Raining Cats and Dogs - Common Sayings

So is that true?
Apparently the saying didn’t come about until the 17th century, not the 16th. So, we’ll just move on and call this a complete lie.

Unfortunately there are so many suggested origins of this one that it’s hard to tell if any of them are more than legends mutated by time and people who like to lie. One story says 17th century sewage systems (if the town even had one) were prone to massive flooding, washing out dead dogs and cats that had fallen in. This would leave some to believe that dead animals were literally falling from the sky. Why the sight of a dead animal on the ground would cause anyone to assume it fell from the heavens, as opposed to just falling over dead the normal way, is anyone’s guess.

Others claim it goes all the way back to Norse mythology (the storm god Odin had two hounds). Still others say it has to do with the freak occurrence of frogs or fish falling from the sky (after being swept up by storms and flung miles away) and that the saying “it’s raining cats and dogs” is just a way to say it’s raining even harder than the time it rained fish. Still it seems like a catchier idiom would have been, “It’s raining bears!” or “It’s raining human babies! Quick, catch the babies!” followed by frenetic screaming.

Anyway, there’s no hard and fast proof for any of them so take your pick.

A  lot of the English language seems to have been developed as some kind of elaborate practical joke. It’s full of little sayings and idioms that on their face make no sense at all, and if traced back to their origins are downright horrifying.

Article Info…….www.cracked.com

Pictures from…..attackofthecute.com

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Bust Your Chops – Common Phrases

Bust Your Chops – Common Phrases

Bust Your Chops - Common Phrases

To give someone a hard time. As in, “Yes, I’m late and I’m not wearing pants. Don’t bust my chops.”

Most say it came from …
There was once a time in the world when it was considered cool to sport a long, ridiculous pair of mutton chop side burns. From America to England, Russia to … some other place even further away than Russia, the civilized global population couldn’t get enough of these peninsula-shaped patches of hair.

Then, these people got punched in the face–their “chops busted,” if you will–and an idiom was born.

So is that true? 
Even though there is no definitive proof to back this up, this seems to be the only theory going. Also, it involves stupid looking facial hair, so it has that going for it.

It’s just too bad that as regal and dignifying as the chops were for our founding fathers they only made hippies in the ’60s seem like unwashed piles of tie-dyed failures. To this day the only people able to successfully pull off mutton chops are old-timey gold miners. If you have the chops in question and you are not one of these three, please, shave now or prepare to have them busted.

Info source…..www.cracked.com

Picture source…..www.9freepictures.com

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